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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 124-127

Analysis of phenolics in Calligonum polygonoides in vitro cultured roots


1 Department of Pharmacognosy, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt
2 Department of Pharmacognosy and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt
3 Department of Pharmacognosy and Plant Tissue Culture Laboratory, Horticulture Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Asmaa I Owis
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, 62111, Beni-Suef.
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrptps.JRPTPS_62_18

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Background: Calligonum polygonoides L. subsp. Comosum (L’Hér.) Sosk. is an endangered plant species belonging to family Polygonaceae. Although the plant is rich in phytoconstituents and has multipurpose medicinal applications, but in vitro root culture studies and phytochemical investigations of these cultures are rare. Objectives: To establish in vitro root, callus and cell suspension cultures from in vitro germinated fruits of C. polygonoides to investigate the production of phenolics through root, callus and cell suspension cultures and attempt to enhance cell capacity to accumulate phenolics. Materials and Methods: Modified Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 1 mg l-1 indole-3-butyric acid was used to establish the root culture. Elicitation of cell suspension culture was performed using salicylic acid and yeast extract. The phenolic compounds in root, callus and cell suspension cultures were evaluated using reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography technique. Results: The unorganized cell suspension culture contained fewer amounts of phenolic compounds than the differentiated roots tissue. Elicitation produced quantitative reprogramming of phenolic content. Conclusion: The present study provides a chance to improve secondary metabolite yield from this valuable natural plant.


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