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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 203-208

Hollow fiber-based liquid-phase microextraction and HPLC-UV determination of lovastatin in biological fluids

1 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran; Evidence-based Phytotherapy and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Atefeh Hajiagha Bozorgi
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Shora Boulevard, Karaj, Alborz.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrptps.JRPTPS_71_19

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In this study, a hollow fiber liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME) method coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was successfully developed for the determination of trace levels of lovastatin in urine and plasma samples. Lovastatin was extracted from 15 mL of the acidic sample solution with a pH of 2 into an organic extracting solvent (n-octanol) impregnated in the pores of a hollow fiber and then back extracted into an acidified aqueous solution in the lumen of the hollow fiber. After extraction, 10 µL of the acceptor phase was injected into HPLC system. To obtain high extraction efficiency, the parameters affecting the HF-LPME, including pH of the sample and extractant phases, type of organic phase, ionic strength, stirring rate, extraction time, and temperature, were studied and optimized. Under the optimized conditions (solvent 1-octanol, pH = 2, 45 min stirring at 45°C with 750rpm), the relative recovery percentage was 85.2–97, which shows the capability of the method to analyze the analyte concentration. This technique provided preconcentration factor 199, 185, and 170 for water, urine, and plasma, respectively. Good precisions values (with relative standard division ≤ 10.5%) were obtained. The results indicated that the HF-LPME method has an excellent cleanup capacity and a high preconcentration factor and could serve as a simple and sensitive method for monitoring the drug in biological samples.

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